Pros and Cons of Marijuana

The Pros And Cons of Medical Marijuana

January 9, 2020 0 Comment

The Pros and Cons of Medical Marijuana – While a number of states in U.S have given the legal status to medical marijuana, yet it hasn’t stopped the debate raging over its medicinal properties. No wonder, the federal government has still put the “illegal” status over it, designating it under controlled substance or rather Schedule I controlled substance. 

This status of ‘illegality” at the federal government doesn’t just make it illegal to possess, but also puts a lot of restrictions, especially when it comes to medically studying the potential benefits of medical marijuana.

While quite a number of supporters and arguments are in place for medical cannabis, let’s just highlight a few, which have been labelled as pros and cons.

The Pros of Medical Marijuana

Medical cannabis has cannabinoids or chemical compounds, derived from Cannabis Indica plant, which when consumed, interact with the cannabinoid receptors present in the human brain and body, to create the positive medicinal impact. 

Related Article: 70 Health Benefits of Medical Marijuana Based on Scientific Research

Let’s understand some of the popular medicinal properties that medical cannabis is known to have on human body.

  1. Medical Marijuana For The Treatment Of Cancer – The most potent medicinal properties of medical marijuana are found to be in the treatment of cancer. Chemotherapy induces nausea, vomiting and pain, which gets addressed by medical cannabis. The marijuana has Cannabinoids, which assists in decreasing nausea and almost eliminating vomiting post chemotherapy. 
  2. Medical Marijuana For Multiple Sclerosis – Spasticity of muscles, a tendency in conditions of Multiple Sclerosis, is relieved by medical marijuana.
  3. Medical Marijuana As A Pain Killer – Medical marijuana is quite effective and safer than conventional pain killers. When it comes to pain management, instead of opioids, medical cannabis is safer and a better option. Also, unlike opioids, which are not recommended for long-term use due to its addictive properties, medical cannabis is safer and not habit-forming as well.
  4. Medical Marijuana As An Alternative To Tobacco – Talking about being non-addictive, it has been found that smoking marijuana is safer and non-addictive than smoking tobacco. Also, unlike latter, marijuana smoking has not been associated with the risk of lung diseases.
  5. Medical Marijuana Can Be Used In Many Ways – Other than smoking, medical cannabis can be taken through myriad ways. From availing the medicinal properties through CBD (Cannabidiol) oils, topical creams and lotions, edibles to the much safer, non-smoking applications, medical cannabis can be beneficial in several ways.
  6. Medical Marijuana To Stimulate Appetite In Patients – Marijuana, medical one, is associated with the treatment of loss of appetite in conditions such as HIV/AIDS as well as in certain types of cancers. The Cannabinoids in medical marijuana, apparently bind to the receptors signaling a feeling of “hunger” and thereby, stimulating appetite in patients. 
  7. Medical Marijuana For Parkinson’s Disease – As discussed above, medical marijuana has effective pain-relieving properties and is great for chronic pain, including neuropathic pain. In fact, it reduces pain and also decreases tremors, rigidity and pain in patients with PD (Parkinson’s disease).
  8. Medical Marijuana For Alzheimers’s Disease – Also, medical marijuana is used for a range of psychiatric disorders like Schizophrenia, Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s etc. In fact, it is known to increase positive symptoms in Schizophrenic patients. In Alzheimer’s disease, it improves food intake, sleep quality and reduces anxiety or agitation.
  9. Medical Marijuana For Seizures Treatment – Dronabinol and Nabilone are medical marijuana drugs, which are approved for the treatment two very severe forms of epileptic seizures. 
  10. Medical Marijuana For Hepatitis – Medical marijuana is known to alleviate the symptoms of a range of diseases like Hepatitis C, Inflammatory bowel disease, Post traumatic stress disorder etc.

Related Article: Qualifying Conditions For Medical Cannabis – State-By-State Guide

The Cons of Medical Marijuana

Like every drug, medical marijuana also has a flip side. The feeling of “high” is also availed from the chemical compound called THC (Tetrahydrocannabinol) in cannabis, when taken in certain proportions. This can cause some adverse effects in the body and mind, making medical cannabis a potential drug in the unacceptable or illegal drug category.

Let’s see the list of cons, which are keeping its “illegal” status an active on at the federal level.

  1. Marijuana, when consumed frequently, can heighten the risk of having a short-term memory and also affect the cognitive ability or thinking skills
  2. While the pro does state that it’s non-addictive, but there’s no denial that when smoked frequently, it can damage lung tissue (not with the same severity ass tobacco does, but will).
  3. Smoked marijuana has chemical compounds, which are known to be of carcinogenic nature or cancer causing.
  4. Marijuana does carry the risk of abuse and addiction and that’s why the “illicit” status of the cannabis is not letting the government accept it.
  5. Since marijuana causes cognitive inability, loss of balance and co-ordination when “high”, the state has often triggered individuals to indulge in irresponsible driving actions resulting in some of the worse automobile crashes and workplace accidents.
  6. Marijuana causes apathy, drowsiness and depression, thereby affecting the personality of an individual with prolonged use.
  7. When taken frequently, marijuana is known to cause acute psychosis to the tune of hallucinations like symptoms. These can also occur as withdrawal symptoms as well. Not to mention intense fear, anxiety and panic as some of the common side effects.
  8. Long-term usage of medical marijuana as a form of treatment is known to impact and suppress the immune system of the body. 
  9. Long-term usage of medical marijuana, through any form, also increases the risk of heart attacks, chronic cough and respiratory infections as well.
  10. Even reduction in sexual capacity is attributed to long term consumption of marijuana. The drug apparently has negative impact on male sex hormones in the long run.

While the list of pros and cons continue to increase with every passing study and research, we still have a long way to go to wholeheartedly give medical cannabis, the much sought after “legal” status. 

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